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Archive for the ‘Caricatures’ Category

Honore Daumier looks at bourgeois looking at Olympia

In Caricatures, Critics, Paris Salon on May 11, 2010 at 8:41 pm
Honore Daumier’s Before The Painting, June 19, 1865

In Le Charivari, June 19, 1865.

“Why the devil is that big red woman in chemise called Olympia?”

“Perhaps it’s the name of the cat.”

Olympia’s cat becomes famous in caricatures

In Caricatures, The Black Cat on May 11, 2010 at 2:50 pm

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Bertall pokes fun of Manet and his Olympia characters

In Caricatures, Paris Salon, The Black Cat on May 11, 2010 at 2:43 pm

In Le Journal, June 3rd, 1865.

Conclusion:  Monsieur Manet cleans up his cat’s corner, sends his bouquet to Theresa, and his coal-peddler to Batignolles.  The show is over.  If it occurs to him to do a masterpiece next year, it will be talked about in Podunk.

(Note: Theresa was the most popular cafe-concert singer of the day. Batignolles was the section of Paris where the Impressionists met at the Cafe Guerbois. Podunk means the “middle of nowhere.”)

Even Olympia’s cat gets made fun of

In Caricatures, Paris Salon, The Black Cat on May 11, 2010 at 2:32 pm

In unattributed Salon review, June 2nd, 1865.

When the guards have their backs turned, whang!  Monsieur Manet’s cat comes down from the sixth row and arches his back close to Landelle’s Italian lady.  It is quite understandable that he feels the need of steadying himself.  The poor creature!

(Note:  Charles Landelle (1821-1908) painted religious pictures but was particularly known for his paintings of African, Egyptian, Moroccan and Italian women.)

Olympia called an “ebony-worker”

In Caricatures, Courtesan & Prostitute, Critics, Olympia's Degradation, The Black Cat on May 11, 2010 at 2:25 pm

Cham, Le Salon, 1865.

In Le Salon, June 2nd, 1865 by Cham.

The Birth of the little Ebony-worker.  Monsieur Manet has taken the thing too literally: The song “How like a bouquet of flowers!”  The announcements are sent out by Mother Michel and her cat.

Olympia derided as “coal-woman”

In Caricatures, Critics, Olympia's Degradation, The Black Cat on May 11, 2010 at 5:50 am

The cat’s tail, or the coal-peddler of Batignolles. Everyone admires this beautiful coal-woman whose modest contours have never been exposed to so commonplace a liquid as water. Let us admit it boldly: the coal-woman, her paper-wrapped bouquet, M. Manet, and his cat are the lions of the Salon of 1865.

Bertall depicts Olympia as needing a bath

In Caricatures, Critics, Olympia's Degradation, The Black Cat on May 11, 2010 at 5:41 am

In Journal Amusant, May 27, 1865

Manette, or the wife of the “ebeniste” by Manet. (The French word for cabinet-maker is derived from ebony.) How like a bouquet of flowers. (Popular song) This picture by Monsieur Manet is the flower of the exhibition.  M. Courbet is outdistanced by the over-all length of the famous black cat. – The great colorist has chosen to depict this lady just when she is about to take a highly necessary bath.

G. Randon satirizes Olympia’s suggested trade

In Caricatures, Courtesan & Prostitute on May 11, 2010 at 5:26 am

In Le Journal, June 29, 1865

Maid: Madame.

Olympia: What is it?

Maid: There’s a man that wants to see you on business.

Olympia: Show him in.

(Apparently, that’s the way things are done among certain “ladies.”)

Honore Daumier looks at bourgeois looking at Olympia

In Caricatures, Critics, The Black Cat on April 13, 2010 at 8:48 pm

Honore Daumier's Before The Painting, June 19, 1865

In Le Charivari, 19 Juin 1865. D. 3446.

“Why the devil is that big red woman in chemise called Olympia?”

“Perhaps it’s the name of the cat.”